Diet is one of the most important behavioral aspects of diabetes treatment. Basic principles of nutritional management, however, are often poorly understood, by both clinicians and their patients.
It is noteworthy that people with diabetes have the same nutritional needs as anyone else and thus must learn to eat well-balanced meals in the right amount, keeping fit and following the medications as prescribed by their HCPs.
Diabetes though on the rise, yet most cases (T2DM) are preventable with healthy lifestyle changes,
Eating right comes down to three things:
1. What you eat: Your diet makes a huge difference. Basically, all you should eat is mostly plant foods; cut back on refined carbohydrates and sugary drinks, and choose healthy fats over unhealthy fats.
2. When you eat: Diet is part of it but keeping regular meals and snacks also affect your blood sugar level and will help to keep them more constant.
3. How much you eat: Portion sizes matter. Even if you eat very healthy meals, if you eat too much you will gain weight, which is a factor in diabetes.
You do not need to eat special foods, but instead simply emphasize vegetables, fruits and whole grains. A diabetes diet is simply a healthy eating plan that is high in nutrients; low in fats and moderate in calories. It is a healthy diet for anyone.
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